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Recycling Your Skip and Household Waste

When you use PSH Environmental Ltd you can be sure that your skip waste is recycled responsibly for your complete peace of mind. All waste placed into our skips is expertly sorted both manually and with the use of our state of the art, bespoke recycling machinery. Every element is separated and individually processed and recycled where possible. Rubble and soil is processed so it can be reused as quality aggregate. Metal, wood, green waste and cardboard is all extracted and recycled accordingly. After this process is completed with zero waste going to landfill, any general, commercial, industrial and household waste, is instead turned into a resource, Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF).

Waste Recycling in Norfolk

We receive, process and recycle up to 150,000 tons of waste annually using our fleet of vehicles which include skip, roll-on and tipper lorries. Our team are passionate about recycling every element of the waste we process; our meticulous yard reflects just that. We are proud that even the general waste that cannot be recycled is instead recovered to generate heat and electricity. The wood that we collect is shredded and sent to UK biomass plants where is it used to generate electricity and heating.

 

 

Types Of Waste We Recycle

Every skip we collect is carefully sorted, to ensure that where possible, nothing is sent to landfill. We pride ourselves on being waste recycling specialists with 99-100% of waste now recovered and recycled into resources, products, or fuel. In 2021, we achieved a rate of 99.9% landfill diversion. From our site in Norfolk, we process and recycle many materials including;

  • Aggregates
  • Soil
  • Wood
  • Green waste
  • Ferrous & non-ferrous metals
  • Cardboard
  • Municipal waste
  • Commercial and Industrial waste
  • Plastics

 

 

Working Alongside Local Government and Leading Waste Management Companies

In 2021 PSH won a major contract with Norfolk County Council to receive 60,000 tonnes annually of municipal and street-sweeping waste for onward recovery to Energy from waste sites within the UK.

In addition to working alongside local government, we also work alongside large waste management companies to receive and remove all waste from landfill.

What Happens to Your Skip Waste?

Step 1

Pre-sort. Only one skip is tipped in each bay at a time and larger waste types are removed via a 360 grab (wood, metal, cardboard, green waste etc). All of this is done in an enclosed building and the waste is sorted immediately, which makes it easier to recycle as it reduces contamination.

Step 2

After the pre-sort, the remaining waste from skips is too small to separate via a 360 grab (e.g. soil, rubble, concrete, small bits of plastic, wood, paper, metal etc.) All of these individual waste types can be recycled as useful resources. To ensure nothing is wasted, we feed this material into our bespoke machinery; designed by our directors and installed by our own engineers.

Step 3

A trommel then separates the waste types by size. An air knife blows off material that is light (e.g. plastic cement bags and paper) and the smaller, heavier material passes to another section of the plant. The oversized material reaches a belt where two operatives remove any large items (wood, plastic, metal etc) that isn’t hardcore material. The large hardcore material drops off the end of the belt and is recycled as aggregate.

Step 4

The smaller material (less than 80mm) that fell through the trommel drops onto a belt. This passes under a magnet, which removes ferrous metals. The material then drops onto a vibrating screen, which has two levels that screen different sizes. The smaller material (less than 6mm) passes into another section of the plant. The larger material (6-80mm) is passed onto another series of belts, via a waste separator.

Step 5

The waste separator machine acts similarly to a magnet but instead uses suction to extract small lightweight contaminants (e.g. small polystyrene balls, tiny pieces of paper, wood) that are too small to be removed by hand or air knives. These items are collected in a compactor and once full, this is emptied into our RDF shed where it is processed into fuel.

Step 6

After passing the waste separator, the remaining material is sent along another picking belt where two operatives remove any other waste contaminants that have passed through. The remaining material then passes under a second magnet which removes smaller metal items (nails, screws etc). The final hardcore material falls off the belt and into a bay, where it can be recycled as aggregates.

Step 7

The only material we have left is the soil and fines (less than 6mm). This falls through onto a belt which deposits the material in a separate enclosed building. Processes 1-7 allow us to separate waste types from large bulky items such as mattresses, shed doors etc. to very small materials such as aggregate of 6-80mm to soil and fines of less than 6mm.

Step 8

When waste is transferred from the producer to a waste contractor, the producer must fulfil their duty of care (Environmental Protection Act 1990) and adhere to Regulation 12 of the Waste (England and Wales) Regulations 2011 to apply the waste hierarchy. To best meet the waste hierarchy, everything we do at our site ensures that the above is adhered to. We are the only skip hire company in East Norfolk capable of doing all this in-house using machinery we have refined from over 37 years’ experience.

Step 9

Any non-recyclable bulky waste collected from skips is shredded and this is sent to our Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) building. Mixing waste in this way ensures that we achieve the correct specification to optimise the energy recovery process.

See below for more information on RDF.

How do we generate RDF

Step 1

Municipal waste received from large waste companies is tipped inside our enclosed Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) building, where it’s mixed with dry, non-recyclable, shredded waste which has been recovered from our processing of skips.

Step 2

The baler compacts the material into a bale approximately weighing 1.2 tonnes. The bale is then strapped with recycled plastic ties. The bale then passes onto a belt where it is taken to the cross-wrap.

Step 3

The bales are wrapped with several layers of recycled plastic film. This seals the bale so it can be safely stored and then transported to the energy recovery facility.

Step 4

The finished bales are placed in the yard where they await collection by fully-licensed hauliers. The non-recyclable waste has now been transformed into a resource; Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF). Traditionally this material would have been sent to landfill, but this is no longer the case. It is now used as a direct replacement for fossil fuels.

Step 5

The bales are loaded onto articulated vehicles which transport the RDF to highly-efficient energy recovery facilities within the UK and Europe. We back-load trailers that have delivered consumer goods to the UK which would normally return to Europe empty which enables the transport process to be carbon-neutral. Nothing is wasted during the RDF energy recovery process.

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